The University of Patanjali (UoP) is named after the great Indian sage Patanjali (c. 900 BC,), who first compiled the numerous writings on Yoga in the form of aphorisms. It was established through Act No. 4/2006 of Uttarakhand State legislature published in the State Gazette on 05.04.2006. The University is sponsored by Patanjali Yogpeeth Trust (PYP) and is located on Delhi Haridwar National Highway at Bhadrabad, Haridwar by the Ganges. It is a member of the Association of Indian Universities. Education is a systematically developed fruit of human civilization. The ancient Gurukuls learnt and then passed on to disciples the wisdom of the saints collected in the Vedas and Upanishads with emphasis on knowledge of the Self to serve humanity better. The modern education system has restricted itself to gaining information for employment purposes and very little stress was on personality development for social co-existence. From self sustaining use of natural resources to self-destructive materialism, Revered Yog Rishi Swami Ramdev and Ayurveda Shiromani Acharya Balkrishna have given the clarion call of ‘Back to Nature’ and propounded the path of natural food to health and happiness through Yoga and Ayurveda. With the growing mass following, more Indians are eager to go back to its Ancient roots of Wisdom. Asceticism, health care, integral education and entrepreneurship are its four major domains of teaching-learning.